What are some key health care benefits we can reap from diverse expert and outsider HIT team membership? To begin with, widening the diversity of HIT team membership helps to overcome Not Invented Here (NIH) syndrome. Outsider team members successfully contributing fresh solutions erode the NIH prejudice favoring “our own” ideas and ignoring solutions to problems because they come from a third party or external origins. Many non-health care organizations have either ready solutions or are far ahead of the health care industry in trying to solve similar problems. A simple example, borrowed from the airline industry’s pilot’s preflight briefing is the surgical pause, a safety procedure where a surgical team ensures they have the right patient, right site and right procedure. 1
A more complex example involves criminal justice. Criminal justice includes multiple organizations with vastly different computer systems sharing data successfully. These interfaces occur in an environment with, for example, extremely significant data security requirements; decentralized stakeholder groups like voters, collective bargaining units, appointed employers, constitutionally separated judges; highly complex regulations.
Another key benefit of diverse teams is reducing the sense of exclusiveness and narrowness. Outsiders on teams reduce the focus on making ourselves comfortable instead of solving the problem. While not a cure-all, diverse teams composed of both health care and non-health care participants help to minimize distorted personal narratives inferring that sameness is safe because we avoid exposing our fear of differences. “Otherness” is the birthplace of ideas crucial to informing and shaping successful HIT solutions. On a broader scale, sameness “lowers people down” while health care is in the business of “lifting them up.” In short, we simply cannot afford HIT team sameness.
Within health care there is some evidence the tide is changing – at least in the highest levels of our organizations. In recent years the percentage of new “outsider” CEO hires is increasing. The FPL Advisory Group 2014 Healthcare Leaders Survey states that future leaders coming from the “outside” will likely be from the finance, hospitality, investment and pharmaceutical industries. As FPL Advisory Group co-CEO William Ferguson observed, “It’s been very recent in our 25+ years of experience in executive search that a shift to a skill set outside of the industry norm has become acceptable, but with growth and recapitalization of key strategic priorities, as well as the rise of guest-focused care, it’s not surprising that finance and hospitality were the two ‘outside’ industries our respondents thought could be most successful.” 2
Similarly, a 2013 Black Book poll of over 1,400 health care board members and human resource officers predicted that two-thirds of CEO hires in 2014 would have little to no health care experience. A Black Book managing partner noted, “An outside hire will not have developed hospital management skills from within or understand an organization’s unwritten rules at first, but that’s not a bad thing either as more hospitals face fresh ideas to avoid bankruptcy, expedite smoother consolidations, conquer payment reform, and productivity issues.” 3
Does this trend also apply across all levels of the health care organization, including IT? We know there is a distinct HIT staff shortage to support the shift towards digital medical records. 4 The 2013 article “Talent shortage may threaten IT momentum” published in Healthcare IT News 5 suggests some of the reasons we still lack the skills required, affecting the success of critical HIT projects. The Whitridge Associates blog states, “There is a requirement almost industry-wide in healthcare IT that in order to get a job…you must have healthcare IT experience. If there are not enough skilled professionals presently in IT today then this practice will prevent us from ever getting to the level necessary to satisfy the demands…It is time to recognize that if we truly are committed to changing the efficiency within healthcare we have to be willing to train some ‘outsiders’ to help us get it built.” 6
The “blind men and the elephant” parable illustrates one of the most fundamental Jainism doctrines – “manysidedness,” i.e., pluralism or the multiplicity of viewpoints. It is the concept that we perceive truth and reality from different viewpoints, and none is the complete truth. 7 If we fail to effectively bring experts and outsiders (from both within and outside health care) together in HIT teams, we may not grasp the “truth” we sorely need to successfully implement HIT and minimize our ongoing health care crisis.
- CMS Safe Surgery Checklist is More Than a 2013 ASC Reporting Requirement (May 24, 2013). Surgical Outcomes Information Exchange (web site). Retrieved from http://www.soix.us/cms-safe-surgery-checklist-is-more-than-a-2013-asc-reporting-requirement/ ↩
- Outsiders May Rule in New Era of Healthcare Leadership (Chicago, January 14, 2014). PR Newswire (web site). Retrieved from http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/outsiders-may-rule-in-new-era-of-healthcare-leadership-240158021.html ↩
- Brown, Doug (December 17, 2013). Big change coming to hospitals at top. Healthcare IT News. Retrieved from http://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/big-change-coming-hospitals-top ↩
- William Hersh, MD and Adam Wright, PhD (April 17, 2008). “What Workforce is Needed to Implement the Health Information Technology Agenda? Analysis from the HIMSS Analytics Database™.” American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008; 2008; 303-307. Published online 2008. PMCID: PMC2656033. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2656033/ ↩
- Millard, Mike, editor (August 5, 2013). Talent shortages threaten IT momentum. Healthcare IT News. Retrieved from http://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/hospitals-war-top-it-talent?page=2 ↩
- Information Technology will change the face of healthcare (or will a skills shortage get in the way?). Whitridge.com (web site). Retrieved on March 3, 2015: http://www.whitridge.com/254/09-03-2013/Healthcare+IT/Information+Technology+will+change+the+face+of+healthcare+(or+will+a+skills+shortage+get+in+the+way%3F) ↩
- Dundas, Paul (2004). “Beyond Anekāntavāda: A Jain approach to religious tolerance.” In (ed.) Tara Sethia. Ahimsā, Anekānta, and Jaininsm. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 123–136. ISBN 81-208-2036-3 ↩
Tags: anekantavada, health care IT, innovation, Malcolm Gladwell, Naveen Jain, Not Invented Here, Outliers, outsiders, perspective. Bookmark the permalink.